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5 Types of Google Penalties and How To Survive Them

Every time you hear an SEO warn you about Google penalties, most of them think about algorithmic penalties like Penguin or Pandan. But there are different types of penalties imposed on websites by the search engine. Getting a penalty means losing some or all of your traffic. And before you ask, no, it’s not just the robots blindly penalizing websites; there are human engineered penalties called manual action penalties.

What’s a Manual Action Penalty?

There are people whose job it is to review websites and assign a rank penalty (if needs be). When Google runs an algorithmic sweep, it is felt as a wave in the SEO community: multiple websites go up or down in the rankings. A manual action penalty means that only your website has been hit and that it’s your problem.

If a manual action has been taken on your website, you’ll get a message in Google Search Console. If you suspect you have a problem but haven’t received a message in your inbox or in Search Console, you can always check in Search Traffic > Manual Actions and see if you have a message:

Search console manual actions check


Types of manual action penalties

So if you do see a message in the manual actions section of the Search Console, it will be describing the type of penalty imposed on your website. You can have a Site-Wide Match that affects the entire site or a Partial Match that only affects certain pages of your site.

Google’s official documentation lists 12 common manual actions you can receive:

  • Hacked site
  • Hidden text and/or keyword stuffing
  • User-generated spam
  • Spammy freehosts
  • Spammy structured markup
  • Unnatural links to your site
  • Thin content with little or no added value
  • Cloaking and/or sneaky redirects
  • Cloaking: First Click Free violation
  • Unnatural links from your site
  • Pure spam
  • Cloaked images

Some of them only happen when you clearly doing some shady black hat stuff like. Other penalties can happen to most webmasters though. No need to freak out though, if you fix the problems Google has flagged, you can request a review of the penalty right in the search console. After your request has been submitted, it will be reviewed and if approved, the penalty will be lifted.

Let’s look at 5 common types of penalties you can get and how to recover if they happen to your website.

1. Penalty For Unnatural Links

There are two different kinds of “Unnatural Links” penalties:

  1. Unnatural Links from Your Site: your website is hosting unnatural, artificial, or deceptive outbound links.
  2. Unnatural Links to Your Site: same thing but this time the shady links pointed at your site.

These manual actions are in line with the Penguin update that targets bad links used to manipulate ranking. If you have this type of penalty, you need to clean up your paid links, spammy forum comment links, links from low-quality directories, etc. etc. If you have no clue what this means, then I highly suggest you do 2 things: hire an SEO expert to audit your website and then have a frank talk with your current SEO provider with the audit in hand.

How to start cleaning up links from your site

So, this type of link penalty can be caused by black hat SEOs having hacked your website and installed their own links or by someone have legitimate access to your website linking to some scammy stuff online.

You can check your external links in tools like Ahrefs or Majestic. Majestic allows you tog et a free report if you connect it to your Google Search Console. Another option would be to

Use a link analysis tool like Ahrefs or Majestic to get a list of your outbound links. Download a list of external links from the reporting options. Once you have that list you need to identify the links on your site that are against Google’s Webmaster Guidelines. Once that’s done you can either remove the links from your website or set the links to “nofollow”.

Clean up the links that point to your site

You can get a list of your backlinks through Majestic or through any other backlinks analyzer. If you don’t have access to such tools, Search ConsoloYou can get a list of links pointed at your site using your backlink analyzer of choice, or you can use Search Console Search Traffic>Links to your site to download a list.

Links to your site in search console


Find the backlinks that are problematic and request they be removed by contact the owners. If they don’t respond, you can use Google’s Disavow Tool to signal these links. Once that’s done, you can submit a reconsideration request to the search engine.

2. User-Generated Spam

User-Generated spam means that users of your website are spammers. In Google’s eyes, it’s still your job to clean this mess up. If you have forum pages, guestbook pages, blog post comments or any other areas on your website where spam can appear, you need to check that up. If you’ve gotten a User-Generated Spam penalty, it doesn’t mean you’re a spammer – but your site users are. As far as Google’s concerned, it’s up to you to clean up.

If you use WordPress, download a plugin like Akismet to filter out the spam comments. You also need to clean up the spam that made it through the filters and onto your site.

Here is an easy way to identify the content to be removed:

  • Posts that are advertisements
  • Posts with nonsense or in an odd language (like Russian on an English forum)
  • Posts with off-topic links (to sexy cam shows or any other weird site)
  • Commercial-sounding content (weird video games, chat sites, etc.)
  • Auto-generated comments

If it doesn’t add value, just remove it. Same goes for user profiles that seem dodgy. Do not hesitate to purge spam accounts that have no profile photo, no description and post weird content.

To fight this in the future you should make sure your links are “nofollow” for comments, allow users to report spam and moderate all comments so that they don’t automatically get posted on the website. If you have this problem though, you really need to clean everything up otherwise Google won’t reconsider their penalty. You can choose to go through all the user-generated content and clean it up or delete it all in one go, even the good content.

3. Hacked Site

Penalties can also happen if a site gets hacked. One of the biggest reason why websites get hacked is SEO spam. Understandibly, Google wants you to clean this mess up to avoid threats to your visitors. Sometimes, you don’t even a “Hacked Site” penalty. Instead Google just labels your site “Pure Spam”. Not fun.

Here’s what you can do:

  • Quarantine your site

Take your site offline. Stop the web server or set up a 503 response code. Change all of your passwords (sys admin, CMS, FTP and all other access points.

  • Identify the type of hack

Next, you need to figure out what kind of hack you have. Google shows 3 types of hacks:

  • Spam – spammy pages, links, or text are present on your site
  • Malware – there’s a software to damage computers on your site
  • Phishing – your site contains a software to collect information about site users
  • Eliminate the vulnerability

Before you start fixing things, figure out how hackers got into your website. Otherwise, there’s a risk they could use the same route to gain access to your site again.

There are many reasons why this could be happening:

  • A virus-infected computer
  • Weak passwords
  • Out-of-date CMS, theme, plugins, etc.
  • Lax coding practices

Opening this can of worms isn’t for everyone. If this sounds like it’s too much for you, you are better off hiring a profesionnal to audit the situation.

  • Clean up the hack

This is most likely the main thing you need to hire a pro for. The clean up requires attention to detail, security knowledge and experience. If hackers got access to confidential user information on your site, you MUST check what your legal responsibilities are.

4. Cloaking and any other type of sneaky redirect

This manual penalty can mean 2 things only:

  1. Cloaking: you show one type of content to Google Bot and another type of content to human visitors
  2. Sneaky redirects: indexed pages in Google lead users to content that has nothing to do with their original search intent.

Find cloaking and sneaky redirects

Use Fetch as Google to see how Google sees your website. If you see any differences between what Google renders and how things show up in a browser, FIX THEM. Let’s get real for a second,  cloaking is 99% of the time a deliberate action. So check in with your developer or SEO to see if someone can help out or admit they are the source of the problem.

To tackle the redirects, crawl your website with a tool like Screaming Frog or Xenu. Check the “Redirect URI” portion of your crawl. If you see any addresses that don’t make sense: sending visitors to a website you don’t know or to a page that has nothing to do with their query, fix it by redirecting to a more appropriate page.

Bonus: check for buttons, ads or plugins

Google sometimes sees anti-hotlinking plugins that protect images and bandwidth for webmasters as cloaking. Ads and buttons on your website could also be triggering the penalty, especially the ads that look like trusted entities but aren’t (those Microsoft looking ads for example).

5. Thin Content

Thin content, shallow content, duplicate content or any other type of crappy content could cause a manual action. Thin content is basically content that isn’t seen as original and unique. When does this happen?

Duplicate content

  • When you take, borrow or steal content from other websites and paste it in yours. This happens a lot in e-commerce of
  • When you have minimal content for the purpose of sticking an affiliate link in there.
  • When content is copied all over your website. Basically when one content ends up in a lot of your webpages. This happens a lot in local directory pages for example.

Auto-generated content

Auto-generated content can also be considered thin content sometimes. This covers auto-translated text, content spinning and text generated by scraping RSS feeds. Once you identify it, you can do 3 things to fix the issue:

  1. Delete the content
  2. Improve it
  3. Remove it from search engine results pages with noindex meta tags

Once you are sure you cleaned up all the thin content on a website, you can submit a reconsideration request.

How to submit a reconsideration request

If you are done with the cleanup portion, you can submit a reconsideration request by yourself in the Search Console. Go to Manual Actions and click the “Request a review” button. Be as specific as possible and provide relevant information regarding the cleanup process undertaken before the request was submitted. If the explanation turns out to be too long, just write it in a Google Doc and include it in your request.

What type of information should you include in your reconsideration request?


  • You can include an excel of all the bad links your removed
  • Or a list of spam comments you deleted on your site
  • Or details of your malware cleanup activities
  • An explanation of how you plan to prevent the same issue in the future

After submitting your request, you should receive a confirmation from Google. If all goest well, you should get a second communication notifying you that the manual action penalty has been removed. If you weren’t up to snuff and Google denies you, they’ll inform you that your website is still violating Webmaster guidelines.



If you get a Manual Action Penalty from Google, you can always clean it up. All is not lost. Just follow the steps in this article to clean up the things Google pinpointed and avoid these issues in the future by following the Webmaster Guidelines.